Haiti was the first independent nation in the Caribbean and only the 2nd democracy in the western hemisphere. One of the most interesting facts that most people are unaware of is the Haitian Revolution of 1791-1805. With their win on 1 January 1804, Haiti became the first independent nation in Latin America, the second democracy in the western hemisphere, and the first post-colonial independent, black-led nation in the world. There are 6 official languages (plus many unofficial) These are: Spanish, English, French, Dutch, Haitian Creole, and Papiamento.Ten Interesting Facts About the Caribbean You Probably Didn't Know Countries in the Caribbean
Trinidad was the first to have been settled almost 9000 years ago According to the archaeologists, it is possible that Trinidad was settled before it became an island when it was attached to South America. The earliest evidence outside of Trinidad comes from the islands of Cuba, Barbados, and St. Martin from settlements around 3500 and 3000 BCE. There are more than 700 (mostly uninhabited) islands and 2,400 cays
These include Saba, Montserrat, Saint Eustatius, Bonaire and Mayaguana. How many of them have you heard of?
St Lucia is the only country named after a woman It was named for Saint Lucy of Syracuse by French settlers. St Lucia also has the most Nobel Prize winners per capita. This little island nation boasts 2 Nobel Prize Winners with a population of only 180,000 residents. These were Sir William Arthur Lewis with a Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1979 and Sir Derek Walcott with a Nobel Prize in Literature in 1992. It has the best rum in the world. While opinions differ on which country does this one best (Barbados, Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and Martinique are top picks), there is no doubt that the Caribbean does it best! Maybe you can try a bit of everything to test the theory yourself? It has the shortest runway on earth. Measuring only 400 meters, Juancho Airport on the island of Saba, is the world’s shortest paved runway. Most of the population lives on two islands
Of the 44 million people that call the Caribbean home, 33.5 million are in Cuba and the countries of Dominican Republic and Haiti (which share on island). Meaning that over 76% of the population is in just two islands. (Remember: there are over 700 in total!).
It is warm no matter the season!
The average weather in the Caribbean in both winter and summer is between 75°F and 85°F or about 24° - 29° degrees Celsius. That means you can enjoy the seaside, go swimming, or explore underwater, all year round.
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